Reactors

Refinery revamp opportunities with welded plate heat exchangers

Kauders, P., CDE Projects Ltd.; Broad, R., GESMEX Exchangers GmbH

The plate-and-shell (P&S) heat exchanger has three significant advantages over the shell-and-tube (S&T) type traditionally used in refinery processes.

An evolving approach to digitalization

Wyatt, T., Fleissman, R., Emerson Automation Solutions

Much has been written in recent years about the need for refineries to embrace the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT).

Adapting and prospering in the energy transition

Hasegawa, K., Shire, T., Yokogawa Corp. of America

The energy transition is gathering momentum as pressure from society leads policy makers and investors to demand faster and deeper cuts to carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from all industrial sectors.

FCC metal trap additives to process more residue

Most refiners frequently need metal trapping or bottoms cracking additives for residue operations.

Next-generation catalyst improves reliability of LPG mercaptan extraction

Ahmed, S., Motiva Enterprises; Mulvaney, W., Nair, M., Rios, R., Honeywell UOP

For decades, sulfur reduction processes have been an integral part of refinery operations.

To reduce security vulnerabilities in downstream facilities, try unikernels

Eyberg, I., NanoVMs

Unfortunately, but unsurprisingly, oil and gas facilities have joined financial, government, hospitality and other companies as tempting targets for cybercriminals.

Can nuclear power plant methodologies help improve hydrocarbon processing reliability?—Part 2

Pradhan, S., Consulting Engineer; Abdelkhaliq, A., Tecnicas Reunidas

Safety requirements within nuclear power plants (NPPs) have encouraged the development of several rigorous methodologies that, in turn, have stimulated excellence in operability, reliability, availability and maintenance (RAM) to the extent that numerous guides and standards now regulate that industry.

Raman spectroscopy for the optimization of hydrogen usage in refineries

Sutherland, S., SpectraSensors

Approximately 700 refineries are in operation worldwide, producing a range of petroleum products including gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, liquified petroleum gas (LPG) and fuel oils.

Digital: Three steps to implement a 21st-century disaster recovery plan

Cox, E., Allegro Development Corp.

In the wake of Hurricane Florence, businesses across the US had another reminder of how unpredictable and unavoidable disasters are when they strike.

Feed nozzle effects on yields and operation of FCCUs

The first-generation, proprietary feed distributorsa had open-pipe bayonets that were located at the base of the wye section/riser.